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CRS Reports - Environmental Protection
Selected CRS Reports
CRS stands for Congressional Research Service, the service that writes reports for members of Congress giving deep background on issues.
A U.S.-Centric Chronology of the International Climate Change Negotiations
"As background to the ongoing negotiations, this document provides a U.S.-centric chronology of the international policy deliberations to address climate change from 1979-2009. It begins before agreement on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1992, and proceeds through the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, the Marrakesh Accords of 2001, the Bali Action Plan of 2007, and the Copenhagen conference in 2009."
Climate Change: Conceptual Approaches and Policy Tools
"This report describes four strategies for setting climate change policies: (1) research and wait-and-see, (2) science-based goal setting, (3) economics-based policies, and (4) incrementalism or adaptive management. Each may take into account the concerns, values, and skepticisms of some constituencies, but each also has limitations."
Energy Tax Incentives: Measuring Value Across Different Types of Energy Resources
"This report provides an analysis of the value of energy tax incentives relative to primary energy production levels."
Energy Tax Policy: Historical Perspectives On and Current Status of Energy Tax Expenditures
"By providing a longitudinal perspective on energy tax policy and expenditures, this report examines how current revenue losses resulting from energy tax provisions compare to historical losses and provides a foundation for understanding how current energy tax policy evolved."
International Climate Change Financing: The Green Climate Fund (GCF)
"The fund aims to assist developing countries in their efforts to combat climate change through the provision of grants and other concessional financing for mitigation and adaptation projects, programs, policies, and activities."
Renewable Energy R&D Funding History
"A Comparison with Funding for Nuclear Energy, Fossil Energy, and Energy Efficiency R&D". Discusses the evolution of the Dept. of Energy and of energy R&D funding.
U.S. Energy: Overview and Key Statistics
"As an aid in policy making, this report presents a current and historical view of the supply and consumption of various forms of energy." A Congressional Research Service (CRS) report.
U.S. Global Climate Change Policy: Evolving Views on Cost, Competitiveness, and Comprehensiveness
A Congressional Research Service (CRS) report. Report defines the 3 Cs in the title and talks about how U.S. policy has changed in the 21st century.
U.S. Natural Gas Exports: New Opportunities, Uncertain Outcomes
"As estimates for the amount of U.S. natural gas resources have grown, so have the prospects of rising U.S. natural gas exports."
U.S. Renewable Electricity Generation: Resources and Challenges
"This report provides a summary of U.S. electricity generation potential from wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, ocean-hydrokinetic, and biomass sources of renewable energy. The focus of this report is twofold: (1) provide an assessment of U.S. renewable electricity generation potential and how renewables might satisfy electric power sector demand, and (2) discuss challenges, issues, and barriers that might limit renewable electricity generation deployment."
U.S. Wind Turbine Manufacturing: Federal Support for an Emerging Industry
"The outlook for wind turbine manufacturing in the United States is partially dependent upon federal and state policies. A variety of federal laws and policies have encouraged both wind energy production and the use of U.S.-made equipment to generate that energy."