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PUBP 4200: Social Issues: APA Citation Style

Citing Government Documents

APA citation of Government Documents is based on the Bluebook legal citation manual. Generally, government documents follow the author, date, title, source format for APA:

Reference list:

Government Author. (year). Title of report: Subtitle of report if applicable (Report No. 123). Retrieved from http://xxxxx

In text:

(Government Author, year)

However, congressional hearings are one exception to this rule. See example below.

Congressional Hearings

Reference List Entry

Unconstitutionality of Obama’s Executive Actions on Immigration: Hearings before the Committee on the Judiciary, 114th Cong. 25 (2015) (Testimony of Elizabeth Price Foley (testifying in her personal capacity), Professor, Florida International University College of Law).

In-Text Citation

(Unconstitutionality of Obama's Executive Actions on Immigration, 2015)

Note: According to the APA Publication Manual, only cite the title of the hearing, not the name of the person giving the testimony for in-text citations.


Government Reports

Reference List Entry:

National Cancer Institute. (2016). Taking part in cancer treatment research studies (Publication No. 16-6249). Retrieved from

In-Text Citation:

(National Cancer Institute, 2016)

Articles and Periodicals


AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstNameInitial. (YearPublished). Title of Article. Title of Book/Journal VolumeNumber(IssueNumber), PageNumbers. RetrievedDateMonth RetrievedDateDay, RetrievedDateYear from URL.
Article from Library Database Horne, J., Knox D., Zusman, J., and Zusman, M. E. (Dec. 2007). Tattoos and Piercings: Attitudes, Behaviors, and Interpretations of College Students [Electronic version]. College Student Journal 41(4), 1011-1020. Retrieved January 20, 2008 from Academic Search Complete.
Article in Public Domain or E-Journal Church, D. M., et al. (2009). Lineage-Specific Biology Revealed by a Finished Genome Assembly of the Mouse. PloS Biology 7(5), e1000112. Retrieved May 30, 2009 from
Newspaper article Kristof, K. M. (2009, July 5). New Student Repayment Plan is Based on Borrower’s Income. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 July 2009 from,0,4774835.column.
Magazine article Mnookin, S. (2006, July). The Da Vinci clone? Vanity Fair, 551, 100.
AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstNameInitial. (YearPublished). Title of Article. Title of Book/Journal VolumeNumber(IssueNumber), PageNumbers.
Journal article Wood, S. N., & Quackenbush, K. (2001). The Sorcerer's Stone: A touchstone for readers of all ages. English Journal, 90(3), 97-103.
Newspaper article Kristof, K. M. (2009, July 5). New Student Repayment Plan is Based on Borrower’s Income. Los Angeles Times, 3A+.
Magazine article Mnookin, S. (July 2006). The Da Vinci Clone? Vanity Fair, 100+.
Book review Miner, V. (2004, December). Iowa meditations [Review of the book Gilead]. The Women's Review of Books, 22, 19.
Anonymous article Education in America and Britain: Learning lessons From Private Schools. (2009, July 2). Economist, 20+.



GENERAL FORMAT AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstNameInitial. (YearPublished). Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher.
1 author Pinney, T. (2005). History of wine in America: From prohibition to the present. Berkeley: University of California Press.
2 or more authors Foster, J., & Nightingale, J. D. (2006). A short course in general relativity (3rd ed.). New York: Springer.
Corporate author Center for Professional Responsibility, American Bar Association. (2004). Model code of judicial conduct. Chicago: Center for Professional Responsibility, ABA.
Editors Donohue, J. J., & Esposito, J. L. (Eds.). (2007). Islam in transition: Muslim perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press.
Electronic book Storrie, P. D., and Randall, R. (2007). Graphic Universe: Beowulf. Minneapolis: Lerner Publishing Group. Retrieved from NetLibrary. 8 July 2009.
Translated book Foucault, M. (1988). Madness and civilization: A history of insanity int he age of reason (R. Howard, Trans.). New York: Vintage-Random House.  (Original work published 1965)
Multivolume work Ford, B. (Ed.). (1988-91). The Cambridge guide to the arts in Britain (Vols. 1-9). Cambridge (England): Cambridge University Press.
Encyclopedia article Escobar, E. (2004). Zoot Suit. In C.C. Candelaria (Ed.) the Encyclopedia of Latino Popular Culture. Wesport: Greenwood Press.
Book chapter Cline, W. R. (2007). Dynamic Consideration. In Global Warming and Agriculture: Impact Estimates by Country (pp.87-94). Washington D.C.: Center for Global Development: Peterson Institute for International Economics.
Essay or chapter in an anthology or edited book Porter, K. A. (1995). The Grave. In S. Mee (Ed.), Downhome: An anthology of Southern women writers (pp. 461-67). San Diego: Harcourt, Brace.
Conference Proceeding Chen, J. (1998).  Industrial production and Research Results on Pulping and papermaking of Fast-Growing Woods in China. In L. Huanbin, Z. Huaiyu & Z. Yimin (Eds.), International Symposium on Emerging Technologies of Pulping & Papermaking of Fast-Growing Wood (pp. 36-50).  Guangzhou: South China University of Technology Press.




AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstNameInitial. (YearPublished). Title. Retrieved RetrievedMonth RetrievedDay, RetrievedYear from URL.
Blog Zúniga, M. M. (2006, August 24). Bush's latest PR hoax. Daily Kos: State of the Nation. Retrieved August 27, 2006, from
Website Eaves, M., Esseck, R., and Viscomi, J. (Eds.). (2008). The William Blake Archive. Washington D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved May 20, 2008 from
News website Levy, S. (2007, April 9). Twitter: Is Brevity the Next Big Thing? Newsweek. Retrieved May 15, 2007.= from

Online APA CitationGuides

For more information on APA citation formats, consult:

From Northern Michigan University
From Ohio State University
From OWL at Purdue University

APA Manual


For more information on APA style format, consult:

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.  Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2010. 6th edition. Ask for access at the Library Store, 1st floor. NOTE: The only electronic edition of the APA Publication Manual is available for Kindles (there is a Kindle reading app for other devices).  This electronic version is only available for individual, not library, purchase.

More Examples

APA Style, Purdue OWL

APA Style, Trinity

APA Citation Style Examples, Wayne State College

This page adapted from a page by Yen Tran at the Univerisity of California Santa Barbara.  Many thanks!