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Research Process: A Step-by-Step Guide: 5c. APA Style with Examples



GENERAL FORMAT AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstNameInitial. (YearPublished). Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher.
1 author Pinney, T. (2005). History of wine in America: From prohibition to the present. Berkeley: University of California Press.
2 or more authors Foster, J., & Nightingale, J. D. (2006). A short course in general relativity (3rd ed.). New York: Springer.
Corporate author Center for Professional Responsibility, American Bar Association. (2004). Model code of judicial conduct. Chicago: Center for Professional Responsibility, ABA.
Editors Donohue, J. J., & Esposito, J. L. (Eds.). (2007). Islam in transition: Muslim perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press.
Electronic book Storrie, P. D., and Randall, R. (2007). Graphic Universe: Beowulf. Minneapolis: Lerner Publishing Group. Retrieved from NetLibrary. 8 July 2009.
Translated book Foucault, M. (1988). Madness and civilization: A history of insanity int he age of reason (R. Howard, Trans.). New York: Vintage-Random House.  (Original work published 1965)
Multivolume work Ford, B. (Ed.). (1988-91). The Cambridge guide to the arts in Britain (Vols. 1-9). Cambridge (England): Cambridge University Press.
Encyclopedia article Escobar, E. (2004). Zoot Suit. In C.C. Candelaria (Ed.) the Encyclopedia of Latino Popular Culture. Wesport: Greenwood Press.
Book chapter Cline, W. R. (2007). Dynamic Consideration. In Global Warming and Agriculture: Impact Estimates by Country (pp.87-94). Washington D.C.: Center for Global Development: Peterson Institute for International Economics.
Essay or chapter in an anthology or edited book Porter, K. A. (1995). The Grave. In S. Mee (Ed.), Downhome: An anthology of Southern women writers (pp. 461-67). San Diego: Harcourt, Brace.
Conference Proceeding Chen, J. (1998).  Industrial production and Research Results on Pulping and papermaking of Fast-Growing Woods in China. In L. Huanbin, Z. Huaiyu & Z. Yimin (Eds.), International Symposium on Emerging Technologies of Pulping & Papermaking of Fast-Growing Wood (pp. 36-50).  Guangzhou: South China University of Technology Press.

Articles and Periodicals


AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstNameInitial. (YearPublished). Title of Article. Title of Book/Journal VolumeNumber(IssueNumber), PageNumbers. RetrievedDateMonth RetrievedDateDay, RetrievedDateYear from URL.
Article from Library Database Horne, J., Knox D., Zusman, J., and Zusman, M. E. (Dec. 2007). Tattoos and Piercings: Attitudes, Behaviors, and Interpretations of College Students [Electronic version]. College Student Journal 41(4), 1011-1020. Retrieved January 20, 2008 from Academic Search Complete.
Article in Public Domain or E-Journal Church, D. M., et al. (2009). Lineage-Specific Biology Revealed by a Finished Genome Assembly of the Mouse. PloS Biology 7(5), e1000112. Retrieved May 30, 2009 from
Newspaper article Kristof, K. M. (2009, July 5). New Student Repayment Plan is Based on Borrower’s Income. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 July 2009 from,0,4774835.column.
Magazine article Mnookin, S. (2006, July). The Da Vinci clone? Vanity Fair, 551, 100.
AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstNameInitial. (YearPublished). Title of Article. Title of Book/Journal VolumeNumber(IssueNumber), PageNumbers.
Journal article Wood, S. N., & Quackenbush, K. (2001). The Sorcerer's Stone: A touchstone for readers of all ages. English Journal, 90(3), 97-103.
Newspaper article Kristof, K. M. (2009, July 5). New Student Repayment Plan is Based on Borrower’s Income. Los Angeles Times, 3A+.
Magazine article Mnookin, S. (July 2006). The Da Vinci Clone? Vanity Fair, 100+.
Book review Miner, V. (2004, December). Iowa meditations [Review of the book Gilead]. The Women's Review of Books, 22, 19.
Anonymous article Education in America and Britain: Learning lessons From Private Schools. (2009, July 2). Economist, 20+.

Audio & Visual Materials


GENERAL FORMAT AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstNameInitial. (YearPublished). Title [Medium/Type]. PublicationPlace: Publisher.
LP/CD/Streaming media Jackson, M. (1993). Thriller. On Thriller [CD]. New York: Epic Records.
Film/Motion picture Capra, F. (Director). (1946). It’s a Wonderful Life [Motion picture. New York: Radio-Keith-Orpheum (RKO) Pictures.




AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstNameInitial. (YearPublished). Title. Retrieved RetrievedMonth RetrievedDay, RetrievedYear from URL.
Blog Zúniga, M. M. (2006, August 24). Bush's latest PR hoax. Daily Kos: State of the Nation. Retrieved August 27, 2006, from
Website Eaves, M., Esseck, R., and Viscomi, J. (Eds.). (2008). The William Blake Archive. Washington D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved May 20, 2008 from
News website Levy, S. (2007, April 9). Twitter: Is Brevity the Next Big Thing? Newsweek. Retrieved May 15, 2007.= from

Citation Style Manual

For more information on APA citation formats, consult:

American Psychological Association (2001). The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.    Reference Desk BF76.7 .P83 2001 [Non-circulating]

More examples:

From Northern Michigan University
From Ohio State University
From OWL at Purdue University

The Manuals


For more information on APA style format, consult:

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.  Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2010. 6th edition.  GT Library Call Number: BF76.7 .P83 2010.  Information Services Desk, use in Library only.

More Examples

APA Style, Perdue OWL

APA Style, Trinity

This page adapted from a page by Yen Tran at the Univerisity of California Santa Barbara.  Many thanks!